Ventricular Septal Defect

A ventricular septal defect is a hole in the tissue that separates the right and left ventricles. A VSD is the most common congenital cardiac anomaly equaling around 20-30% of the defects seen in children. A small VSD may spontaneously close within the first few years after birth, moderate to large VSDs are unlikely to close spontaneously.


This course will cover the hemodynamic significance of a ventricular septal defect (VSD) including review over the five types of ventricular septal defects. Echocardiogram findings will be covered in detail including how to identify the five types of VSD. Along with how to document a VSD on an echocardiogram using 2D, color and spectral Doppler. Other information covered will include treatment options and associated syndromes.

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